Royal Berlin Spandau Bildergalerie
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Served at Smuts barracks during above years does anyone know me? I was nicknamed brummie potter. I remember Alan Fairbairn as we had our photo taken together outside Smuts barracks when we were interviewed by the Birmingham post.
If anyone remembers me get in touch. The Sappers site. Your donation goes towards maintaining and developing the Sappers website. By regulation, all of the produce was to be put toward use in the prison kitchen, but prisoners and guards alike often skirted this rule and indulged in the garden's offerings.
As prison regulations slackened and as prisoners became either apathetic or too ill to maintain their plots, the garden was consolidated into one large workable area.
This suited the former architect Speer, who, being one of the youngest and liveliest of the inmates, later took up the task of refashioning the entire plot of land into a large complex garden, complete with paths, rock gardens and floral displays.
On days without access to the garden, for instance when it was raining, the prisoners occupied their time making envelopes together in the main corridor.
The Allied powers originally requisitioned the prison in November , expecting it to accommodate a hundred or more war criminals.
Besides the sixty or so soldiers on duty in or around the prison at any given time, there were teams of professional civilian warders from each of the four countries, four prison directors and their deputies, four army medical officers, cooks, translators, waiters, porters and others.
This was perceived as a drastic misallocation of resources and became a serious point of contention among the prison directors, politicians from their respective countries, and especially the West Berlin government, who were left to foot the bill for Spandau yet suffered from a lack of space in their own prison system.
The debate surrounding the imprisonment of seven war criminals in such a large space, with numerous and expensive complementary staff, was only heightened as time went on and prisoners were released.
Acrimony reached its peak after the release of Speer and Schirach in , leaving only one inmate, Hess, remaining in an otherwise under-utilized prison.
Various proposals were made to remedy this situation over the years, ranging from moving the prisoners to an appropriately sized wing of another larger, occupied prison, to releasing them; house arrest was also considered.
Nevertheless, an official refraining order went into effect, forbidding the approaching of unsettled prisoners, [ clarification needed ] and so the prison remained exclusively for the seven war criminals for the remainder of its existence.
Every facet of life in the prison was strictly set out by an intricate prison regulation scheme designed before the prisoners' arrival by the Four Powers — France , Britain , the Soviet Union , and the United States.
Compared with other established prison regulations at the time, Spandau's rules were quite strict. The prisoners' outgoing letters to families were at first limited to one page every month, talking with fellow prisoners was prohibited, newspapers were banned, diaries and memoirs were forbidden, visits by families were limited to fifteen minutes every two months, and lights were flashed into the prisoners' cells every fifteen minutes during the night as a form of suicide watch.
A considerable portion of the stricter regulations was either later revised toward the more lenient, or deliberately ignored by prison staff.
The directors and guards of the Western powers France, Britain, and the United States repeatedly voiced opposition to many of the stricter measures and made near-constant protest about them to their superiors throughout the prison's existence, but they were invariably vetoed by the Soviet Union, which favored a tougher approach.
The Soviet Union, which suffered 19 million civilian deaths  during the war and had pressed at the Nuremberg trials for the execution of all the current inmates, was unwilling to compromise with the Western powers in this regard, both because of the harsher punishment that they felt was justified, and to stress the Communist propaganda line that the capitalist powers had supposedly never been serious about denazification.
This contrasted with Werl Prison , which housed hundreds of former officers and other lower-ranking Nazi men who were under a comparatively lax regime.
Western commentators accused the Russians of keeping Spandau prison in operation chiefly as a centre for Soviet espionage operations.
Every day, prisoners were ordered to rise at hours, wash, clean their cells and the corridor together, eat breakfast, stay in the garden until lunch-time at noon weather permitting , have a post-lunch rest in their cells, and then return to the garden.
Supper followed at hours, after which the prisoners were returned to their cells. Lights out was at hours. Prisoners received a shave and a haircut, if necessary, every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday; they did their own laundry every Monday.
This routine, except the time allowed in the garden, changed very little throughout the years, although each of the controlling nations made their own interpretation of the prison regulations.
Within a few years of their arrival at the prison, all sorts of illicit lines of communication with the outside world were opened for the inmates by sympathetic staff.
These supplementary lines were free of the censorship placed on authorised communications, and were also virtually unlimited in volume, ordinarily occurring on either Sundays or Thursdays except during times of total lock-down of exchanges.
Every piece of paper given to the prisoners was recorded and tracked, so secret notes were most often written by other means, where the supply went officially unmonitored for the entire duration of the prison's existence.
Many inmates took full advantage of this. Albert Speer, after having his official request to write his memoirs denied, finally began setting down his experiences and perspectives of his time with the Nazi regime, which were smuggled out and later released as a bestselling book, Inside the Third Reich.
Dönitz wrote letters to his former deputy regarding the protection of his prestige in the outside world. When his release was near, he gave instructions to his wife on how best she could help ease his transition back into politics, which he intended, but never actually accomplished.
Walther Funk managed to obtain a seemingly constant supply of cognac all alcohol was banned and other treats that he would share with other prisoners on special occasions.
All prisoners dreaded the months during which the Soviets took command; the Soviets were much stricter in their enforcement of prison regulations and offered poorer quality meals.
Each nation in charge would bring its own chef; during the American, French, and British months, the prisoners were fed better than regulations called for.
The Soviets, in contrast, would offer an unchanging diet of coffee, bread, soup, and potatoes. This rigidity was primarily due to the much-loathed Soviet director, who perpetually enforced these measures and whom Soviet and Western guards alike feared and despised.
Afterward, matters, including diet, were improved. The prisoners, still subject to the petty personal rivalries and battles for prestige that characterized Nazi party politics, divided themselves into groups: Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess were the loners , generally disliked by the others — the former for his admission of guilt and repudiation of Hitler at the Nuremberg trials, the latter for his antisocial personality and perceived mental instability.
This situation had come about when Dönitz replaced Raeder as Commander in Chief of the German navy in Baldur von Schirach and Walther Funk were described as "inseparable".
Despite the length of time they spent with each other, remarkably little progress was made in the way of reconciliation. A notable example was Dönitz's dislike of Speer being steadfastly maintained for his entire year sentence, with it only coming to a head during the last few days of his imprisonment.
Dönitz always believed that Hitler had named him as his successor due to Speer's recommendation, which had led to Dönitz being tried at Nuremberg Speer always denied this.
The journey takes approximately 22 min. The road distance is Get driving directions. The train from Berlin Alexanderplatz to Berlin-Spandau takes 22 min including transfers and departs every 15 minutes.
Mode details. Two other operators also service this route. All regional trains depart regularly and connect to local and long-distance services.
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Travel From Travel From. Search accommodation with Booking. There are 5 ways to get from Leonardo Royal Hotel Berlin Alexanderplatz to Spandau by train, bus, taxi or car Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner.